Reducing soil water evaporation with tillage and straw mulching by S. K. Jalota

Cover of: Reducing soil water evaporation with tillage and straw mulching | S. K. Jalota

Published by Iowa State University Press in Ames .

Written in English

Read online


  • Soil moisture conservation.,
  • Evaporation.,
  • Soil management.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references and index.

Book details

StatementS.K. Jalota and S.S. Prihar.
ContributionsPrihar, S. S. 1932-
LC ClassificationsS594 .J35 1998
The Physical Object
Paginationvii, 142 p. :
Number of Pages142
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL700004M
ISBN 100813828570
LC Control Number97048257

Download Reducing soil water evaporation with tillage and straw mulching

In a discussion of the benefits of tillage in reducing evaporation, they consider different types of soil and the merits of post drying depth-distribution of soil water in treated and untreated soil. Straw mulching, as another means of reducing evaporation, receives the same extended treatment, followed by an appraisal of the effects of Cited by: In a discussion of the benefits of tillage in reducing evaporation, they consider different types of soil and the merits of post drying depth-distribution of soil water in treated and untreated soil.

Straw mulching, as another means of reducing evaporation, receives the same extended treatment, followed by an Reducing soil water evaporation with tillage and straw mulching book of the effects of.

Reducing soil water evaporation with tillage and straw mulching. [S K Jalota; S S Prihar] The Process of Evaporation --Evaporation from a Free Water Surface --Evaporation from Untreated Bare Soil --Evaporation from Tilled Soil --Evaporation from Crop-Residue-Covered Soil --Measurement and Modeling of Soil Evaporation --Evaporation from.

Book: Reducing soil water evaporation with tillage and straw mulching. + pp. Abstract: Drawing on multidisciplinary research, the authors of this book provide an overview of the theories and data that explain the process of evaporation evaporation Subject Category: MiscellaneousCited by: As more and more people compete for ever–less water on our shrinking planet, the problem of soil evaporation becomes increasingly urgent.

In this book two. Reducing Soil Water Evaporation with Tillage and Straw Mulching. lalota and S. Prihar. Ames: Iowa State University Press, vii+ pp. Figures, tables, references, index. $ cloth (ISBN ). The future of rain-fedagriculture depends upon reducing soil water evaporation and improving soil water storage.

Reducing Soil Water Evaporation with Tillage and Straw Mulching See more like this S P G O 4 N S H O N R E D E 4 J 9 2 T J " Wood Handle 10 Welded Steel. Among the soil conservation practices that have recently been implemented, mulching has proven to be effective in reducing water and soil loss rates and improving soil condition Cook et al., Straw mulching affected the vertical distribution of salt in the brackish water irrigation plots and the average salt content of straw mulch treatments (, and  Mg/ha.

Plastic (particularly the black-colored polyethylene) mulch is considered more effective than the straw mulch in reducing the moisture evaporation from the Cited by: 1. Reducing soil evaporation is important to alleviate water shortages in arid and semi-arid regions.

The objective of this work was to reveal the effect of straw mulch on soil evaporation based on field experiments during a freeze–thaw period in Northern China. Four soil surface mulch treatment modes were investigated: Bare soil (BS), 1 cm thick straw mulch with % coverage rate (J1), 2 cm Cited by: 1.

Mulching with organic materials adds organic content to your soils. In addition to feeding the soil life, this also helps the soil hold onto water without becoming water logged. Plus, mulch reduces evaporation, which further helps your garden retain water. If you want to transform your garden into a low water garden, then you’ve got to start.

4 New Bkt Trac Master Tillage Lawn Garden Tires - 31x 8pr Lrd For Sale Online. $ Horse-hoeing. Figure BEffect of soil organic matter (SOM) on the use efficiency of inputs to wheat production in the South of Portugal.

Conv., conventional agriculture system based on inversion tillage and bailing of the cereal straw; CA, conservation agriculture based on no-till and maintenance of crop residues on soil same crop rotation was used for the two systems.

Soil Porosity (%) as affected by tillage and Mulching practices Tillage Treatments Mean Cultivator 4 times MB plow + Rotavator Cultivator twice. Soil hydrothermal condition is one of the most important factors affecting crop growth in arid regions.

This study aimed to investigate the effect of mulching and tillage on moisture and temperature variations in soil under drip irrigation in the arid Hetao Irrigation District, northwest China.

Four treatments were included: (1) alternating ridges (40 cm wide and 20 cm high) and furrows (40 cm Cited by: 8. In contrast, straw mulching, as performed in the three conservation tillage treatments in this study, were superior at retaining deep soil water and preventing evaporation.

Thus, the RSM tillage approach appears to be particularly well-suited for improving annual WUE in wheat-maize rotation systems in rainfed by:   Mulching has demonstrated efficacy to enhance soil health by reducing evaporation, increasing moisture retention, regulating temperature, enhancing nutrient availability and root absorption, suppressing weeds, decreasing salinity, encouraging biological Author: Christopher Ngosong, Justin N.

Okolle, Aaron S. Tening. However, in semi-arid Texas, 5 tons/a of wheat straw increased available soil water by 73% and more than doubled grain sorghum yields from 26 to 59 bushels/a. The risk for early-season soil water depletion by cover crops is the same regardless of the tillage system.

Functions. Soil is a major component of the Earth's world's ecosystems are impacted in far-reaching ways by the processes carried out in the soil, from ozone depletion and global warming to rainforest destruction and water respect to Earth's carbon cycle, soil is an important carbon reservoir, and it is potentially one of the most reactive to human disturbance and.

Recent estimates of soil water evaporation under a lupin crop was 1 to mm day-1 when total crop evapotranspiration was to mm day-1 []. Evaporation from soil is reduced by weed control, tillage, and leaving the stubble or other crop residue in the fields during the dry or fallow season.

4 New Bkt Trac Master Tillage Lawn Garden Tires - 31x 8pr Lrd Buy Now. Horse-hoeing - $ Horse-hoeing Husbandry Vegetation And Tillage Jethro Tull Fourth Edition Buy Now. John Deere - $ John Deere Aerway 3 Pt Hitch For Vertical Tillage Buy Now.

Pittsburgh - $ 2. Mulch, and mulch again. A thick layer of mulch around your plants and over the entire bed will enhance the growing conditions for garden plants while reducing time spent weeding and watering.

Mulch saves water because it reduces water lost to evaporation, and it prevents the surface of the soil from drying out. Reducing soil water evaporation with tillage and mulching. Ames (IA): Iowa State University Press. Evaporation from soil as affected by incorporation and surface and subsurface placement of oat straw.

an agriculturist book of China written by Fan Sheng-chih in the first century by:   Bare soil is more susceptible to erosion by wind and water and loses more moisture due to evaporation. Bare soil also regulates temperature poorly — it. Soil Water Measurements. Soil water was measured to a depth of cm three times during each of the six fallow cycles: (i) early August immediately after wheat grain harvest and the beginning of fallow, (ii) early April before primary tillage for TF, and (iii) at the end of the mo fallow cycle in late by: Straw or grass clippings used as mulch also add organic matter when they later become incorporated into the soil by plowing or by the activity of soil organisms.

Some vegetable farmers use a “mow-andblow” system in which crops are grown on strips for the purpose of chopping them and spraying the residues onto an adjacent strip.

As discussed in the section on soil water evaporation, soil temperature is a major factor in determining the rate of evaporation of water from the soil. The manipulation of the soil temperature through the use of various tillage operations, or tillage systems, is an important means by which the moisture content of the soil can be controlled.

To investigate the effect of irrigation and mulch on the yield of strawberry (line FA), this study was conducted at the experimental fields of Pomology Division, BARI, Gazipur and RARS, BARI, Rangpur during Rabi season of and The experiment was conducted followed by the split-plot design with two mulches (black plastic and rice straw), three levels of irrigation (5, 10 Cited by: 1.

Whereas irrigation and drainage are intended to address the shortage and surplus of soil water, respectively, an important aspect to address is also the management of salinity. Plants have a limited tolerance for soil water salinity, and despite significant gaps in our practical knowledge, an impression of acceptable salinities is available for many crops.

To manage soil salinity, the Leaching Author: Sjoerd E.A.T.M. van der Zee, Sija F. Stofberg, Xiaomei Yang, Yu Liu, Md. Nazrul Islam, Yin Fei Hu. Moreover, plastic mulching in saline field could effectively reduce the accumulation of salts in the surface soil by suppressing evaporation and salinity stress is thus decreased.

Plastic film coverage (mulching) is usually conducted soon after sowing manually or mechanically in the Yellow River and the Yangtze River valley region (Figure 2a).Cited by: 3.

3. Conservation tillage and conservation agriculture. Since the s, during the following 75 years, members of the farming community have been advocating a move to reduced tillage systems that use less fossil fuel, reduce run-off and erosion of soils and reverse the loss of soil organic by: Any practices that reduce evaporation from the soil surface and/or encourage downward flux of soil water will help to control root zone salinity.

Sandoval and Benz () and Benz et al. () studied soil salinity changes as effected by bare fallow and straw mulch on fallow over a three years period. Soil is a potential water pollutant because (1) as sediment its mass volume often reduces stream and lake capacities; (2) it can cause high levels of turbidity and settle out on stream bottoms upsetting the stream or lake ecosystem; and (3) sediment can be associated with adsorbed substances which are transported on soil particles, The.

The mulching materials, typically including plastic film (black or transparent films), gravel sand, crop/grass straw and oth serve as the media to prevent soil water evaporation and Cited by: If you are interested in solving the problem of dysfunctional soil and successfully addressing the symptoms of soil erosion, water runoff, nutrient deficiencies, compaction, soil crusting, weeds, insect pests, plant diseases, and water pollution, or simply wish to grow healthy vegetables in your family garden, then this book is for you.

Soil. A three inch layer of organic mulch can lower soil temperature about F which reduces plant stress and water requirements.

Bare soil can easily reach F which speeds evaporation and dries out the soil, which stresses the plant resulting in wilting, more insect and disease problems and in most plants and eventual death. Deep tillage, or stubble mulching. Instead of turning over the soil with a moldboard or no-till plow, a deep-tillage plow breaks the soil below the surface.

It leaves the surface vegetation or harvest remains from the previous crop to act as a cover. Crop rotation. Planting different crops each year on a piece of land keeps the soil productive. The advantagesof a no-till system include superior soil conservation, moisture conservation, reducedwater runoff, the long-term buildup of organic matter, and increased water infiltration.A soil managed without tillage relies on soil organisms to take over the job of plantresidue incorporation formerly done by tillage.

soil tilth, adds organic matter to the soil and improves the water holding capacity of the soil. Mulching with crop residues can improve water use efficiency by % through reduced soil evaporation and increased plant transpiration.

Organic gardening began in s wartime England when Lord Walter Northbourne coined the phrase “organic farming” in his book, Look to the ation of Sir Albert Howard’s An Agricultural Testament and Lady Eve Balfour’s The Living Soil during the same decade inspired J.I.


Autor: Peña Sancho, Carolina Universidad: Universidad de Zaragoza Departamento: Ciencias Agrarias y del Medio Natural Fecha de Lectura: 25/11/ Programa de doctorado: Programa de Doctorado en .The trees provide shade which reduces evaporation of precious water so that soil moisture is retained as well as providing fruit or fuel (if only dead limbs are cut).

Shelterbelts a wider area than a windbreak that contains trees as well as shrubs to help reduce wind erosion, retain soil .

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